ElizaWire.com

We make jewelry as unique as you are!

 

 

 

 

 

Jade

Jade, Jadeite




There have been some civilizations in the South Pacific, Asia and Central America where Jade has been more prized than Diamonds or Gold. It is a very beautiful, yet tough stone that is resistant to chipping and breakage. The ancient Chinese philosopher Confucius said it was valuable because it represented the whole of purity, sureness of intelligence, music and loyalty due to it's characteristics. Today it is worn by many Asians for good luck and health.

The name "Jade" came from the Spanish conquistadors who named it according to the job that native Mexicans were using it for. As it was thought by them to relieve kidney ailments, the Spanish named it "piedra de ijada" which meant "stone of the loins." Eventually the Spanish term evolved into "Jade." The early Roman civilization also considered it to be a good treatment for kidney ailments such as nephritis (kidney inflammation) leading to it being named "lapis nephriticus" for "stone of nephrite." The Latin term was subsequently reduced to "nephrite" and is sometimes used as an alternate name of Jade.

A French chemist, Augustine Damour, noted in 1863 that jade was two different minerals. She used the word "Jadeite" for Burmese jade to distinguish it from the Chinese jade "nephrite." The Chinese had know of the difference between the two since the early seventeen hundreds.

Jadeite and Nephrite are both comprised of tightly interlocking crystals, which is different from the single crystals that comprise most other gems.

Jadeite is a little bit harder and denser and can take more time to polish. It is comprised of crystals which tend to be somewhat more granular and coarse.

Jade, NephriteNephrite is most common and typically found in olive or forest green. The oldest known sources come from China. It is slightly stronger since it's crystal components are more intergrown than Jadeite.

Dark Green Jade, Nephrite
A very dark, olive green Jade.

Honey Jade
Jade comes in different colors besides green. Above is a sample of Honey Jade.


STATS:
Color: Green, Lavender, Red, Brown, Orange, Black, Gray and white
Mohs' Hardness Scale: Jadeite 6.5 - 7, Nephrite 6 - 6.5
Density: 3.30 - 3.38
Transparency: Opaque, translucent



 Back to List of Jewelry making 
Materials

 


Navigation

 

SITE SEARCH:

 

 

What is your Birthstone?

January:  Garnet   

February:  Amethyst  

March:  Aquamarine, Bloodstone  

April  : Diamond  

May:  Emerald  

June:  Alexandrite, Pearl, Moonstone  

July:  Ruby  

August: Peridot, Sardonyx  

September:  Sapphire  

October: Rose Zircon, Opal, Tourmaline

November:  Topaz  

December:  Blue Zircon, Turquoise